|Allium fistulosum at a farm|
|Allium fistulosum |
Historically, the Welsh onion was known as the 'cibol'.
The name "Welsh onion" has become a misnomer in modern English, as Allium fistulosum is not indigenous to Wales. "Welsh" preserves the original meaning of the Old English word "welisc", or Old German "welsche", meaning "foreign"; compare wal- in "walnut", of same etymological origin. The species originated in Asia, possibly Siberia or China.
Culinary useThe Welsh onion is widely used in cooking.
RussiaWelsh onion is used in Russia in the spring for adding green leaves to salads.
AsiaWelsh onion is an ingredient in Asian cuisine, especially in East and Southeast Asia. In Japan it is used in miso soup, negimaki (beef and scallion rolls) among others. In Vietnam, Welsh onion is important to cook dưa hành (a kind of kimchi) served for Tết festival. A kind of sauce, mỡ hành (Welsh onion fried in oil), is used in some dishes such as cơm tấm, bánh ít, cà tím nướng and others. Welsh onion is the only ingredient in the dish cháo hành (a dish to treat the common cold).
JamaicaKnown as escallion, the Welsh onion is an ingredient in Jamaican cuisine, in combination with thyme, scotch bonnet pepper, garlic and allspice (called pimenta). Recipes with escallion sometimes suggest leek as a substitute in salads. Jamaican dried spice mixtures using escallion are available commercially.
The Jamaican name is probably a variant of scallion, the term used loosely for the spring onion and various other plants in the genus Allium.