|Flowers and leaves|
|Grewia asiatica |
| Grewia subinaequalis DC. |
Grewia hainesiana Hole
Microcos lateriflora L.
It is a shrub or small tree growing to 8 m tall. The leaves are broadly rounded, 5–18 cm long and broad, with a petiole 1-1.5 cm long. The flowers are produced in cymes of several together, the individual flowers about 2 cm diameter, yellow, with five large (12 mm) sepals and five smaller (4–5 mm) petals. The fruit is an edible drupe 5–12 mm diameter, purple to black when ripe.
Cultivation and usesIt is extensively cultivated for its sweet and sour acidic fruits, which are sold in the market during summer months under the name Falsa. The pleasant sherbet or squash is prepared from the fruit pulp by mixing it with sugar and used as an astringent, stomachic and cooling agent.
The fruits allay thirst and burning sensations, and can reduce inflammations. These are said to be good for heart and blood disorders, fevers and diarrhoea. The fruit is also good for the troubles of throat. The unripe fruits remove vata, kapha and biliousness. The root bark is used by Santhal tribals for rheumatism. The stem bark is said to be used in refining sugar, for making ropes and its infusion is used as a demulcent. The leaves are used as an application to pustular eruptions. The buds are also prescribed by some physicians.
It has become naturalised and locally invasive in Australia and the Philippines.