cultivars have been produced, particularly of muskmelons. The plant grows as a vine. Although the melon is a fruit, some varieties may be considered "culinary vegetables". The word melon derives from Latin melopepo, which is the latinisation of the Greek μηλοπέπων (mēlopepon), meaning "melon", itself a compound of μῆλον (mēlon), "apple" + πέπων (pepōn), amongst others "a kind of gourd or melon".
- Genus Citrullus
- Citrullus lanatus — Watermelon
- Genus Cucumis
- Cucumis metuliferus — Horned melon
- Cucumis melo — Muskmelon
- C. melo cantalupensis. Skin that is rough and warty, not netted. European cantaloupe and Algerian melon.
- C. melo inodorus. Canary melon, Casaba, Kolkhoznitsa melon, Hami melon, honeydew, Navajo Yellow, Piel de Sapo/Santa Claus, sugar melon, tigger (tiger) melon, and Japanese melons (including the Sprite melon).
- C. melo reticulatus, true muskmelons, with netted skin. Examples include Bailan melon, North American cantaloupe, Galia, Ogen, Persian, Sharlyn melons.
- Modern crossbred varieties, e.g. Crenshaw (Casaba × Persian), Crane (Japanese × N.A. cantaloupe)
- Yubari Melon intended as a high-priced gift